Our Curriculum – Physical Health and Mental Wellbeing

This table details what will be taught and when, though since children develop at different speeds, some will be more proficient than others against these YEAR-END expectations for learning in Physical Health nd Mental Wellbeing. Back to our Curriculum Wheel –>




By the end of Year 2

By the end of Year 4

By the end of Year 6, pupils should

Mental wellbeing

Work in progress

Work in progress

HE~1.     that mental wellbeing is a
normal part of daily life, in the same way as physical health.



HE~2.     that there is a normal range
of emotions (e.g. happiness, sadness, anger, fear, surprise, nervousness) and
scale of emotions that all humans experience in relation to different
experiences and situations.



HE~3.     how to recognise and talk
about their emotions, including having a varied vocabulary of words to use
when talking about their own and others’ feelings.



HE~4.     how to judge whether what
they are feeling and how they are behaving is appropriate and proportionate.



HE~5.     the benefits of physical
exercise, time outdoors, community participation, voluntary and service-based
activity on mental wellbeing and happiness.



HE~6.     simple self-care techniques,
including the importance of rest, time spent with friends and family and the
benefits of hobbies and interests.



HE~7.     isolation and loneliness can
affect children and that it is very important for children to discuss their
feelings with an adult and seek support.



HE~8.     that bullying (including
cyberbullying) has a negative and often lasting impact on mental wellbeing.



HE~9.     where and how to seek
support (including recognising the triggers for seeking support), including
whom in school they should speak to if they are worried about their own or
someone else’s mental wellbeing or ability to control their emotions
(including issues arising online).



HE~10.  it is common for people to
experience mental ill health. For many people who do, the problems can be
resolved if the right support is made available, especially if accessed early

Internet safety and



HE~11.  that for most people the
internet is an integral part of life and has many benefits.



HE~12.  about the benefits of
rationing time spent online, the risks of excessive time spent on electronic
devices and the impact of positive and negative content online on their own
and others’ mental and physical wellbeing.



HE~13.  how to consider the effect of
their online actions on others and know how to recognise and display
respectful behaviour online and the importance of keeping personal
information private.



HE~14.  why social media, some
computer games and online gaming, for example, are age restricted.



HE~15.  that the internet can also be
a negative place where online abuse, trolling, bullying and harassment can
take place, which can have a negative impact on mental health.



HE~16.  how to be a discerning
consumer of information online including understanding that information,
including that from search engines, is ranked, selected and targeted.



HE~17.  where and how to report
concerns and get support with issues online.

Physical health and



HE~18.  the characteristics and mental
and physical benefits of an active lifestyle.



HE~19.  the importance of building
regular exercise into daily and weekly routines and how to achieve this; for
example, walking or cycling to school, a daily active mile or other forms of
regular, vigorous exercise.



HE~20.  the risks associated with an
inactive lifestyle (including obesity).



HE~21.  how and when to seek support
including which adults to speak to in school if they are worried about their

Healthy eating



HE~22.  what constitutes a healthy
diet (including understanding calories and other nutritional content).



HE~23.  the principles of planning and
preparing a range of healthy meals.



HE~24.  the characteristics of a poor
diet and risks associated with unhealthy eating (including, for example,
obesity and tooth decay) and other behaviours (e.g. the impact of alcohol on
diet or health).


alcohol & tobacco



HE~25.  the facts about legal and
illegal harmful substances and associated risks, including smoking, alcohol
use and drug-taking.

Health & prevention



HE~26.  how to recognise early signs
of physical illness, such as weight loss, or unexplained changes to the body.



HE~27.  about safe and unsafe exposure
to the sun, and how to reduce the risk of sun damage, including skin cancer.



HE~28.  the importance of sufficient
good quality sleep for good health and that a lack of sleep can affect
weight, mood and ability to learn.



HE~29.  about dental health and the
benefits of good oral hygiene and dental flossing, including regular
check-ups at the dentist.



HE~30.  about personal hygiene and
germs including bacteria, viruses, how they are spread and treated, and the
importance of handwashing.



HE~31.  the facts and science relating
to allergies, immunisation and vaccination.

Basic first aid



HE~32.  how to make a clear and
efficient call to emergency services if necessary.



HE~33.  concepts of basic first-aid,
for example dealing with common injuries, including head injuries.

Changing adolescent



HE~34.  key facts about puberty and
the changing adolescent body, particularly from age 9 through to age 11,
including physical and emotional changes.



HE~35.  about menstrual wellbeing
including the key facts about the menstrual cycle