Our Curriculum – Geography

This table details what will be taught and when, though since children develop at different speeds, some will be more proficient than others against these YEAR-END expectations for learning in Geography.                                                                  Back to our Curriculum Wheel –>

Geographical Enquiry Physical Geography Human Geography Geographical Knowledge
Year 1 Year 1 Year 1 Year 1
Can they say what they like about their locality? Can they tell someone their address? Can they begin to explain why they would wear different clothes at different times of the year? Can they identify the four countries making up the United Kingdom?
Can they sort things they like and don’t like? Can they explain the main features of a hot and cold place? Can they tell something about the people who live in hot and cold places? Can they name some of the main towns and cities in the United Kingdom?
Can they answer some questions using different resources, such as books, the internet and atlases? Can they describe a locality using words and pictures? Can they explain what they might wear if they lived in a very hot or a very cold place? Can they point out where the equator, north pole and south pole are on a globe or atlas?
Can they think of a few good questions to ask about a locality? Can they explain how the weather changes with each season?    
Can they answer questions about the weather? Can they name key features associated with a town or village, eg, church, farm, shop, house?    
Can they keep a weather chart?      
Geographical Enquiry Physical Geography Human Geography Geographical Knowledge
Year 2 Year 2 Year 2 Year 2
Can they label a diagram or photograph using some geographical words? Can they describe some physical features of own locality? Can they describe some human features of own locality, such as the jobs people do? Can they name the continents of the world and find them in an atlas?
Can they find out about a locality by using different sources of evidence? Can they explain what makes a locality special? Can they explain how the jobs people do may be different in different parts of the world? Can they name the world’s oceans and find them in an atlas?
Can they find out about a locality by asking some good questions to someone else? Can they describe some places which are not near the school? Do they think that people ever spoil the area? How? Can they name the main cities of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland?
Can they say what they like and don’t like about their locality and another locality like the seaside? Can they describe a place outside Europe using geographical words? Do they think that people try to make the area better? How? Can you find where they live on a map of the UK?
  Can they describe some of the features associated with an island? Can they explain what facilities a town or village might need?  
  Can they describe the key features of a place, using words like, beach, coast forest, hill, mountain, ocean, valley?    
Geographical Enquiry Physical Geography Human Geography Geographical Knowledge
Year 3 Year 3 Year 3 Year 3
Do they use correct geographical words to describe a place and the things that happen there? Can they use maps and atlases appropriately by using contents and indexes? Can they describe how volcanoes have an impact on people’s life? Can they name a number of countries in the Northern Hemisphere?
Can they identify key features of a locality by using a map? Can they describe how volcanoes are created? Can they confidently describe human features in a locality? Can they locate and name some of the world’s most famous volcanoes?
Can they begin to use a 4 figure grid references? Can they describe how earthquakes are created? Can they explain why a locality has certain human features? Can they name and locate some well-known European countries?
Can they accurately plot NSEW on a map? Can they confidently describe physical features in a locality? Can they explain why a place is like it is? Can they name and locate the capital cities of neighbouring European countries?
Can they use some basic OS map symbols? Can they locate the Mediterranean and explain why it is a popular holiday destination? Can they explain how the lives of people living in the Mediterranean would be different from their own? Are they aware of different weather in different parts of the world, especially Europe?
Can they make accurate measurement of distances within 100Km? Can they recognise the 8 points of the compass (N,NW, W, S, SW, SE, E, NE)?    
Geographical Enquiry Physical Geography Human Geography Geographical Knowledge
Year 4 Year 4 Year 4 Year 4
Can they carry out a survey to discover features of cities and villages? Can they describe the main features of a well-known city? Can they explain why people are attracted to live in cities? Can they locate the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn?
Can they find the same place on a globe and in an atlas? Can they describe the main features of a village? Can they explain why people may choose to live in a village rather than a city? Do they know the difference between the British Isles, Great Britain and UK?
Can they label the same features on an aerial photograph as on a map? Can they describe the main physical differences between cities and villages? Can they explain how a locality has changed over time with reference to human features? Do they know the countries that make up the European Union?
Can they plan a journey to a place in England? Can they use appropriate symbols to represent different physical features on a map? Can they find different views about an environmental issue? What is their view? Can they name up to six cities in the UK and locate them on a map?
Can they accurately measure and collect information(e.g. rainfall, temperature, wind speed, noise levels etc.)?   Can they suggest different ways that a locality could be changed and improved? Can they locate and name some of main islands that surround the UK?
      Can they name the areas of origin of the main ethnic groups in the UK & in their school?
Geographical Enquiry Physical Geography Human Geography Geographical Knowledge
Year 5 Year 5 Year 5 Year 5
Can they collect information about a place and use it in a report? Can they explain why many cities of the world are situated by rivers? Can they explain why people are attracted to live by rivers? Can they name and locate many of the world’s major rivers on maps?
Can they map land use? Can they explain how a location fits into its wider geographical location; with reference to physical features? Can they explain how a location fits into its wider geographical location; with reference to human and economical features? Can they name and locate many of the world’s most famous mountain regions on maps?
Can they find possible answers to their own geographical questions? Can they explain how the water cycle works? Can they explain what a place might be like in the future, taking account of issues impacting on human features? Can they locate the USA and Canada on a world map and atlas?
Can they make detailed sketches and plans; improving their accuracy later? Can they explain why water is such a valuable commodity?   Can they locate and name the main countries in South America on a world map and atlas?
Can they plan a journey to a place in another part of the world, taking account of distance and time?      
Geographical Enquiry Physical Geography Human Geography Geographical Knowledge
Year 6 Year 6 Year 6 Year 6
Can they confidently explain scale and use maps with a range of scales? Can they give extended description of the physical features of different places around the world? Can they give an extended description of the human features of different places around the world? Can they recognise key symbols used on ordnance survey maps?
Can they choose the best way to collect information needed and decide the most appropriate units of measure? Can they describe how some places are similar and others are different in relation to their human features? Can they map land use with their own criteria? Can they name the largest desert in the world?
Can they make careful measurements and use the data? Can they accurately use a 4 figure grid reference? Can they describe how some places are similar and others are different in relation to their physical features? Can they identify and name the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn as well as the Arctic and Antarctic circles?
Can they use OS maps to answer questions? Can they create sketch maps when carrying out a field study?   Can they explain how the time zones work?
Can they use maps, aerial photos, plans and web resources to describe what a locality might be like?      
Geographical Enquiry Physical Geography Human Geography Geographical Knowledge
Year 6 – Challenge Year 6 – Challenge Year 6 – Challenge Year 6 – Challenge
Can they define geographical questions to guide their research? Can they plan a journey to another part of the world which takes account of time zones? Can they explain how human activity has caused an environment to change? Can they name and locate the main canals that link different continents?
Can they use a range of self selected resources to answer questions? Do they understand the term sustainable development? Can they use it in different contexts? Can they analyse population data on two settlements and report on findings and questions raised? Can they name the main lines of latitude and meridian of longitude?